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The solar wind rushes to Earth at a monstrous speed

On December 1, the Earth will feel the first blow of a gale-force solar wind that has burst from a giant crack in the Sun’s atmosphere. The gap was formed the day before – November 28, 2022 – it was noticed by NASA’s Solar Dynamics Observatory.

At the same time, the “draft” began – powerful streams of charged particles flew towards the Earth at a speed of 2.5 million kilometers per hour.

Upon reaching the planet, they will cause a geomagnetic hurricane – not the strongest – level G1, but it will be felt by weather-dependent people and equipment that responds to changes in the electromagnetic field.

Interruptions in communication, failures in the operation of navigation systems are possible. The Northern Lights will flash in the northern regions.

The hurricane, caused by “draft”, will last until December 2 inclusive.

The solar wind is a stream of charged particles released from the upper atmosphere of the Sun, called the corona.

These charged particles breeze through the solar system at speeds ranging from around 250 miles (400 kilometers) per second to 500 miles (800 km) per second, in a plasma state, according to the National Oceanic and Administration Space Weather Prediction Center(opens in new tab) (SWPC).

The post The solar wind rushes to Earth at a monstrous speed appeared first on Anomalien.com.

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Hidden Text May Finally Solve the Mystery of Amelia Earhart’s Disappearance

The 1937 disappearance of Amelia Earhart while nearing the end of her attempt to become the first woman to fly around the world continues to be one of the most baffling missing person cases in history. Countless clues have been followed without success, numerous regular theories and conspiracy theories continue to pop up, and an occasional plane part, clothing scrap or human remains have been discovered without any leading to the plane, her body or that of her navigator, Fred Noonan. That quest may have finally taken a turn towards possible success recently when researchers used new technology on an old aluminum panel found near where Earhart’s plane possibly went down and discovered what may be hidden letters and numbers that could place the panel on Amelia’s plane … and positively place the plane and the end of the Earhart disappearnce search on the island of Nikumaroro.

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What If The Dinosaurs Hadn’t Gone Extinct, But Evolved?

Sixty-six million years ago, an asteroid hit the Earth with the force of 10 billion atomic bombs and changed the course of evolution. The skies darkened and plants stopped photosynthesising. The plants died, then the animals that fed on them. The food chain collapsed. Over 90% of all species vanished. When the dust settled, all dinosaurs except a handful of birds had gone extinct.

But this catastrophic event made human evolution possible. The surviving mammals flourished, including little proto-primates that would evolve into us.

Imagine the asteroid had missed, and dinosaurs survived. Picture highly evolved raptors planting their flag on the moon. Dinosaur scientists, discovering relativity, or discussing a hypothetical world in which, incredibly, mammals took over the Earth.

This might sound like bad science fiction, but it gets at some deep, philosophical questions about evolution. Is humanity just here by chance, or is the evolution of intelligent tool-users inevitable?

Brains, tools, language and big social groups make us the planet’s dominant species. There are 8 billion Homo sapiens on seven continents. By weight, there are more humans than all wild animals.

We’ve modified half of Earth’s land to feed ourselves. You could argue creatures like humans were bound to evolve.

In the 1980s, palaeontologist Dale Russell proposed a thought experiment in which a carnivorous dinosaur evolved into an intelligent tool user. This “dinosauroid” was big-brained with opposable thumbs and walked upright.

It’s not impossible but it’s unlikely. The biology of an animal constrains the direction of its evolution. Your starting point limits your endpoints.

If you drop out of college, you probably won’t be a brain surgeon, lawyer or Nasa rocket scientist. But you might be an artist, actor or entrepreneur. The paths we take in life open some doors and close others. That’s also true in evolution.

Consider the size of dinosaurs. Beginning in the Jurassic, sauropod dinosaurs, Brontosaurus and kin evolved into 30-50 tonne giants up to 30 metres long – ten times the weight of an elephant and as long as a blue whale. This happened in multiple groups, including Diplodocidae, Brachiosauridae, Turiasauridae, Mamenchisauridae and Titanosauria.

This happened on different continents, at different times and in different climates, from deserts to rainforests. But other dinosaurs living in these environments didn’t become supergiants.

The common thread linking these animals was that they were sauropods. Something about sauropod anatomy – lungs, hollow bones with a high strength-to-weight ratio, metabolism or all these things – unlocked their evolutionary potential. It let them grow big in a way that no land animals had ever before, or have since.

Likewise, the carnivorous dinosaurs repeatedly evolved huge, ten-metre, multi-tonne predators. Over 100 million years, megalosaurids, allosaurids, carcharodontosaurids, neovenatorids and finally tyrannosaurs evolved giant apex predators.

Dinosaurs did big bodies well. Big brains not so much. Dinosaurs did show a weak trend towards increased brain size over time. Jurassic dinosaurs like Allosaurus, Stegosaurus and Brachiosaurus had small brains.

By the late Cretaceous, 80 million years later, tyrannosaurs and duckbills had evolved larger brains. But despite its size, the T. rex brain still weighed just 400 grams. A Velociraptor brain weighed 15 grams. The average human brain weighs 1.3 kilograms.
Dinosaurs did enter new niches over time. Small herbivores became more common and birds diversified. Long-legged forms evolved later on, suggesting an arms race between fleet-footed predators and their prey.

Dinosaurs seem to have had increasingly complex social lives. They started living in herds and evolved elaborate horns for fighting and display. Yet dinosaurs mostly seem to repeat themselves, evolving giant herbivores and carnivores with small brains.

There’s little about 100 million years of dinosaur history to hint they’d have done anything radically different if the asteroid hadn’t intervened. We’d likely still have those supergiant, long-necked herbivores and huge tyrannosaur-like predators.

They may have evolved slightly bigger brains, but there’s little evidence they’d have evolved into geniuses. Neither is it likely that mammals would have displaced them. Dinosaurs monopolised their environments to very end, when the asteroid hit.

Mammals, meanwhile, had different constraints. They never evolved supergiant herbivores and carnivores. But they repeatedly evolved big brains. Massive brains (as large or larger than ours) evolved in orcas, sperm whales, baleen whales, elephants, leopard seals and apes.

Today, a few dinosaur descendants – birds like crows and parrots – have complex brains. They can use tools, talk and count. But it’s mammals like apes, elephants and dolphins that evolved the biggest brains and most complex behaviours.

So did eliminating the dinosaurs guarantee mammals would evolve intelligence?

Well, maybe not.

Starting points may limit endpoints, but they don’t guarantee them either. Steve Jobs, Bill Gates and Mark Zuckerberg all dropped out of college. But if dropping out automatically made you a multibillionaire, every college dropout would be rich. Even starting in the right place, you need opportunities and luck.

The evolutionary history of primates suggests our evolution was anything but inevitable. In Africa, primates did evolve into big-brained apes and, over 7 million years, produced modern humans. But elsewhere primate evolution took very different paths.

When monkeys reached South America 35 million years ago they just evolved into more monkey species. And primates reached North America at least three separate times, 55 million years ago, 50 million years ago, and 20 million years ago. Yet they didn’t evolve into a species who make nuclear weapons and smartphones. Instead, for reasons we don’t understand, they went extinct.

In Africa, and Africa alone, primate evolution took a unique direction. Something about Africa’s fauna, flora or geography drove the evolution of apes: terrestrial, big-bodied, big-brained, tool-using primates. Even with the dinosaurs gone, our evolution needed the right combination of opportunity and luck.

Nicholas R. Longrich, Senior Lecturer in Paleontology and Evolutionary Biology, University of Bath

This article is republished from The Conversation under a Creative Commons license. Read the original article.

The post What If The Dinosaurs Hadn’t Gone Extinct, But Evolved? appeared first on Anomalien.com.

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Bitcoin sees worst monthly close in 2 years as traders watch $16.7K

BTC price action strengthens into the November monthly candle close, but traders are already warning over getting too “cocky” on Bitcoin.

Bitcoin (BTC) attempted to flip $17,000 to support on Dec. 1 after sealing its lowest monthly close in two years.

BTC/USD 1-hour candle chart (Bitstamp). Source: TradingView

Bitcoin gains inch up as November end

Data from Cointelegraph Markets Pro and TradingView showed BTC/USD circling $17,100 in a second intraday charge at higher levels.

The pair managed to avoid losses as the monthly candle closed, instead seeing solid daily gains of around 4.5% for Nov. 30.

Nonetheless, Bitcoin shed 16.2% for the month, making November 2022 its worst since 2019.

BTC/USD monthly returns chart (screenshot). Source: Coinglass

The more buoyant mood coincided with comments from the United States Federal Reserve. In a speech on inflation and the labor market, Chair Jerome Powell openly stated that smaller interest rate hikes could begin as soon as December.

“Monetary policy affects the economy and inflation with uncertain lags, and the full effects of our rapid tightening so far are yet to be felt,” he said.

“Thus, it makes sense to moderate the pace of our rate increases as we approach the level of restraint that will be sufficient to bring inflation down. The time for moderating the pace of rate increases may come as soon as the December meeting.”

Powell characteristically cautioned on heralding a full turning point in policy, something markets had been keenly awaiting throughout the year.

“Given our progress in tightening policy, the timing of that moderation is far less significant than the questions of how much further we will need to raise rates to control inflation, and the length of time it will be necessary to hold policy at a restrictive level,” he added.

Nonetheless, stocks reacted positively, the S&P 500 and Nasdaq Composite Index ending the day up 3.1% and 4.4%, respectively, in line with Bitcoin.

No euphoria among traders

In responses of their own, meanwhile, crypto market commentators were equally cool on the immediate prospects despite the moderate month-end gains.

Related: Bitcoin capitulation 4th-worst ever as BTC hodlers lose $10B in a week

Crypto Tony warned that bulls were “getting cocky” into December, and that now was not a suitable blind entry point.

“Now is not the time to go all in, thinking this is the bottom on Crypto,” he told Twitter followers.

“We have yet to see : – A macro higher high and higher low (Market structure trend change) – Bull volume coming in – Spot buys on the increase – Completed corrective structure.”BTC/USD annotated chart. Source: Crypto Tony/ Twitter

A key level to hold for continuation of the “bullish market structure,” he added, was $16,700.

Michaël van de Poppe, founder and CEO of trading firm Eight, agreed on the importance of an area focused on $16,700 for his own strategy.

The views, thoughts and opinions expressed here are the authors’ alone and do not necessarily reflect or represent the views and opinions of Cointelegraph.

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Binance hires audit firm that served Donald Trump to verify crypto reserves

Mazars’ U.S. division was the longtime accounting firm for former United States President Donald Trump’s company.

Cryptocurrency exchange Binance is working with accounting firm Mazars as part of its proof-of-reserve (PoR) audits triggered by the fall of FTX.

Mazars, the accounting firm that worked for former United States President Donald Trump’s company, was appointed as an official auditor to conduct a “third party financial verification” as part of Binance’s PoR updates, The Wall Street Journal reported on Nov. 30.

The accounting firm is reportedly already reviewing all Binance’s publicly shared information on Bitcoin (BTC) PoR and will also be verifying future updates and tokens, a spokesperson for Binance reportedly said. “The first verification update for BTC will be completed this week,” the representative added.

Mazars is an international accounting firm headquartered in Paris. Its U.S. division, Mazars USA, was the longtime accounting firm for Trump and had been involved in a controversy with a House Oversight and Reform Committee’s request for some of Trump’s financial records since 2019. The firm reportedly eventually cut ties with Trump and his family in 2022.

The news comes amid Binance moving large amounts of cryptocurrency as part of its PoR audits. On Nov. 28, Binance sent 127,351 BTC, or about $2 billion, to an unknown wallet, with CEO Changpeng “CZ” Zhao subsequently announcing that the transaction was part of the ongoing PoR process.

The action has triggered some concerns in the community as previously CZ argued that it’s bad news when exchanges have to move large amounts of crypto to prove their wallet address.

As previously reported, Binance launched a PoR process and mechanism in response to the crash and bankruptcy of the FTX crypto exchange. On Nov. 25, the firm also published Merkle Tree-backed proof of funds for Bitcoin, which was just one of many Binance’s measures to prove its transparency.

Related: OKX releases proof-of-reserves page, along with instructions on how to self-audit its reserves

Binance is not alone in putting major efforts to maintain trust of its customers in the aftermath of the FTX collapse, with many other exchanges like OKX and KuCoin rushing to release their PoR reports as well. In the meantime, some industry observers believe that the existing PoR process by exchanges is largely useless, unless they also provide liabilities, which are very hard to fake.

Binance did not immediately respond to Cointelegraph’s request for comment.

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Demand for liquid Ethereum staking options continues to grow post-Merge

Demand for liquid Ethereum staking options gains pace in the months following the Merge, according to blockchain data.

Blockchain data analytics carried out by Nansen highlights the ever-growing amount of Ether (ETH) being staked across various staking solutions in the months following Ethereum’s shift to proof-of-stake (PoS) consensus.

The highly anticipated Merge has been a boon for decentralized finance (DeFi) in general, and staking solutions have been in high demand since Ethereum’s shift to PoS. This is according to blockchain data from a variety of staking solutions across the Ethereum ecosystem.

Nansen’s report highlights the impact of the Merge in introducing staked ETH as an out-and-out cryptocurrency-native yield-bearing instrument that has quickly outstripped other collateralized yield-bearing services.

The likes of Uniswap and other automated-market makers and liquidity providers remain popular but pale in comparison to the total value locked in staked ETH solutions. Over 15.4 million ETH is locked in Ethereum’s staking contract, which values the total staked ETH in the top six cryptocurrencies by market capitalization alone:

“Staked ETH is thus the first yield-bearing instrument to reach significant scale in DeFi, and has the potential to both significantly grow and radically transform the ecosystem in the coming years.”

Nansen provides some interesting insights from liquid-staked derivatives data. When Ethereum shifted to PoS, miners were replaced by validators who had to deposit or stake 32 ETH in order to propose new blocks and earn protocol rewards. Users that are unable or unwilling to stake 32 ETH can participate in pooled staking, also known as liquid staking. This also allows users to withdraw staked ETH at any time.

Nansen’s metrics reveal that liquid staking holdings are weighted toward long-term holders, while recently launched protocols are attracting new deposits faster than established services. 5.7 million of the total 14.5 million ETH is staked in staking pools like Lido and Rocket Pool, accounting for over 40% of the total staked ETH in the ecosystem.

Lido’s stETH dominates the space with a 79% share of the total market supply of staked ETH. 52% of the stETH tokens are found in Aave, Curve and Lido’s wrapped stETH contract indicating interest and utility for investors and DeFi applications. stETH has also seen a 127% increase in average daily trading volume since the Ethereum Merge.

Related: 64% of staked ETH controlled by 5 entities — Nansen

Meanwhile, Coinbase’s Ethereum staking pool cbETH has surpassed all other assets besides stETH in supply. Both Rocket Pool’s rETH and Coinbase’s cbETH have seen the most growth over the past three months, at 52.5% and 43.3%, respectively.

The growth of Coinbase’s ETH staking option also suggests that everyday users still trust centralized entities and are content earning yield from staked ETH as opposed to more complex, on-chain, yield-bearing strategies.

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Neuralink will start testing brain chips on humans in six months

Elon Musk is actively working in several high-tech areas. One of the priorities in his activities was the Neuralink project, within which research is being carried out to create a brain-computer interface.

The successes already achieved suggest that Musk may begin testing the chips on humans in the very near future. Prior to this, the work of implanted Neuralink chips in the brain of pigs was demonstrated. And more recently, a monkey was shown at a special event controlling the “power of thought” of a computer.

Musk emphasizes that the main field of application of chips should be medicine. With their help, it will be possible to compensate for the work of damaged areas of the brain.

Experts are positive about this idea, because such an innovative technology can really solve many important problems. For example, people who have been deprived of the ability to express their feelings and emotions by illness will receive the opportunity they need to communicate with others.

There are several other scenarios where such a chip can be implanted in a person.

As Musk himself says, the chip can greatly expand human capabilities. For example, it will be easier and more comfortable for him to interact with electronics, quickly open combination locks.

In addition, it will be possible to forget what depression and bad mood are, and efficiency will become a constant companion. He declares his readiness to implant such a chip as soon as this technology is fully ready for commercial use.

Currently, work is underway at the level of approvals between Neuralink and the US authorities. It must be approved for clinical trials. Musk hopes the approval will be received within the next six months.

The post Neuralink will start testing brain chips on humans in six months appeared first on Anomalien.com.

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Cointelegraph Historical Collection is live: Mint the biggest crypto news stories now!

Cointelegraph’s Historical digital collectibles collection is now available for everyone who wants to mint articles as NFTs.

The wait is over! After concluding a private sale for waitlist participants, Cointelegraph’s Historical digital collectibles have officially launched. The nonfungible token minting feature is now open for anyone who wants to collect NFTs of articles published by the world’s largest crypto news platform.

Starting Dec. 1, all articles published by Cointelegraph can be minted as NFTs on the Polygon blockchain. To collect an article, users must go to cointelegraph.com, select an article and click the “Collect as NFT” button found below the article’s artwork.

After clicking the button, users are sent to a page where they can review the details and approve the transaction using their wallets. Once the article is minted, the user officially owns the digital collectible. Readers can trade their collectibles via the marketplace as they build their own Historical collection with Cointelegraph.

Cointelegraph’s editor-in-chief, Kristina Lucrezia Cornèr, stated, “We take pride in producing high-quality content that sheds light on the vibrant world of cryptocurrencies and Web3. With Cointelegraph articles becoming cemented in history, we are inching closer to the ideals that we so passionately report on every day.” Ivan Sokolov, founder of Mintmade and creator of the collectibles, shared his thoughts:

“When you own a digital collectible of an article, you establish a new type of connection with the story. It is interesting to see what people chose to collect — that is their view of what’s valuable. The Historical collection is a chance to reexplore different periods of blockchain and Cointelegraph’s history just by diving into what was already collected.”

Those who participated in the private sale have already started collecting articles as NFTs, selecting their favorite stories and the ones they think will be valuable to include in their Historical NFT collection. Some users have already built collections by compiling stories on major events such as great crypto collapses, like the downfall of Terra and its fallout, or even by documenting Bitcoin’s (BTC) early history.

Check out the Cointelegraph historical collection

Looking forward, Cointelegraph intends to build various experiences for Historical collectors, including integrating Web3-native features for NFT holders and launching exclusive drops and campaigns from Cointelegraph’s partners.

In addition, all tokenholders will become a part of a decentralized autonomous organization, the Historical DAO. Collectors will be able to vote on various metrics as well as decide which features should be developed next.

You can read Cointelegraph’s articles now and start building your very own Historical NFT collection! Not sure which articles to collect? Join the Historical channel of Cointelegraph’s Discord to chat with fellow NFT collectors an get ideas.

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CFTC chief says Bitcoin is the only commodity in the wake of FTX collapse

CFTC has faced a lot of scrutiny in the wake of FTX collapse due to its ties with the crypto exchange and SBF’s efforts to put the committee as the key oversight body for crypto.

The chief of the United States Commodity Futures Trading Commission (CFTC), Rostin Behnam, claimed Bitcoin is the only crypto asset that can be viewed as a commodity during an invite-only crypto event at Princeton University, reported Fortune.

Behnam’s comments are quite a contrast to his early statements in October, where he claimed Ether (ETH) could also be viewed as a commodity. The CFTC chief was answering a question on which crypto assets should be seen as commodities and which ones qualify as securities.

The CFTC chief’s backtracking of his comments on ETH comes in the wake of heavy scrutiny of U.S regulators and accusations of corruption, with Republican lawmakers accusing the SEC chair of coordinating with FTX ‘to obtain regulatory monopoly.’

The debate over which cryptocurrencies qualify as commodities under the law has been a long-drawn one. Bitcoin is unanimously seen as non-security because of its true decentralized nature whereas the status of Ether and several other cryptocurrencies have been a controversial topic. Ripple is currently facing a security lawsuit from the SEC as well.

The American financial regulator has found itself in hot waters in the wake of the FTX crypto exchange collapse primarily because of its association with the exchange.

CFTC was poised to receive oversight capacity through proposed Senate legislation called the Digital Commodities Consumer Protection Act (DCCPA), The CFTC chief faced a lot of criticism for the same but defended the commission’s actions claiming they don’t have the luxury to wait.

Behnam said the committee has limited oversight powers and blamed the “matrix of regulators” as an imperfect system. However, he called for better collaboration among the long list of regulatory bodies to come up with formidable regulations.

Related: Here’s how the CFTC could prevent the next FTX

The CFTC chief is slated for a congressional hearing on Dec. 1, discussing the collapse of the now-bankrupt crypto exchange FTX and the lessons learned from the debacle.

Breaking: 8 Congress Members tried to stop the SEC from inquiring into FTX by questioning the SEC’s authority to inquire about Crypto

5 of those 8 members also received campaign donations from FTX, ranging from $2,900 to $11,600

— Nancy Pelosi Stock Tracker ♟ (@PelosiTracker_) November 25, 2022

The close ties of former CEO Sam Bankman-Fried with US policymakers and his lobbying efforts to make CFTC the primary crypto regulatory body has been questioned by many in the crypto community. A recent report also alleged that 8 U.S. congressman tried to stop the SEC from inquiring into FTX.

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When Cryptozoology Combines With Government Agencies

That might sound like a strange title for today’s article, but, it’s an absolute fact that the world of Cryptozoology has crossed paths with government agencies – and on many occasions, no less. With that said, let’s have a look at some of the data. We’ll begin with the Dog-Man/werewolf phenomenon. I started with this story because Linda Godfrey (who tragically passed away just a few days ago) always thought it was so amusing – and bizarre, too. Linda was right! It was funny! She said of the Dog-Man sightings in her area (Elkhorn, Wisconsin): “I started checking it out. I talked to the editor of The Week newspaper here, and which I used to work for. He said, ‘Why don’t you check around a little bit and see what you hear?’ This was about the end of December. And being a weekly newspaper that I worked for, we weren’t really hard news; we were much more feature oriented. So, I asked a friend who had a daughter in high school and she said, ‘Oh yeah, that’s what everybody’s talking about.’ So, I started my investigations and got one name from the woman who told me about it. She was also a part-time bus driver. “In my first phone call to the bus driver, she told me that she had called the County Animal Control Officer. So, of course, when you’re a reporter, anytime you have a chance to find anything official that’s where you go. I went to see him and, sure enough, he had a folder in his file draw that he had actually marked Werewolf, in a tongue-in-cheek way. People had been phoning in to him to say that they had seen something. They didn’t know what it was. But from their descriptions, that’s what he had put. So, of course, that made it a news story. When you have a public official, the County Animal Control Officer, who has a folder marked Werewolf, that’s news. It was very unusual.”

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